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Commercialism influenced Navajo jewelry-making as early as the 1910s and 1920s, when Indian Traders and railroad vendors, such as the Fred Harvey Company, offered incentives The pueblo of Zuni Native American Indians is located in western New Mexico (south of Gallup) near the Arizona border.Jewelry-making is the major craft industry of the village.

Atsidi Sani's younger brother, Slender Maker of silver (active 1880s to 1890s, d.

1916), has been credited with numerous innovations in silver and stonework design during the 1880s and 1890s.

1900), as the first to set turquoise onto a silver piece.

These smiths taught a number of other Navajo men, spreading knowledge of the craft to various Pueblo neighbors, thus moving the impetus for silversmithing throughout the Southwestern region.

Zuni Indian Drilling Turquoise, 1930However, early Zuni Indian jewelry-making efforts often took the form of collaborations between Navajos and Zuni Indians, in which a Navajo smith would cast a silver piece-by sandcasting or another method-and a Zuni Indian lapidarist would set in the stones. Wallace, who stimulated sales and new directions for Zuni Indian jewelry.

Zuni Indian was also the site of much Indian trader. At the start of the twentieth century, beadmaker Zuni Indian Dick was well known for teaching turquoise grinding and shaping for personal adornment, and he often appears in the photographs of visiting ethnographers and recorders of life in Zuni Indian Pueblo.

The earliest Hopi Indian silver jewelry was little different from Navajo and Pueblo work.

Hopi Indian's lack of traders and distance from sizable towns and cities made the economics and promotion of such works difficult, particularly once the Great Depression started in 1929.

Field work by John Adair in the 1930s, working with Navajo informants with memories dating back to the 1870s and 1880s, provided a clearer picture of developments after 1868.

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