Dating historical house construction chelsea handler dating e

Before considering the most appropriate method of repairing brickwork, correct diagnosis of the cause of failure is vital.Manufacturing defects in bricks can be the result of under firing or impurities in the clay used.From the mid 18th century onwards the manufacturing process, like many others, was becoming mechanised.

dating historical house construction-88

Tudor bricks were irregular in size and shape and therefore thick (15-25mm) mortar joints were necessary to even these out.

The slow setting mortar was of matured non-hydraulic lime (often containing particles of the fuel used in its production), and coarse sand in a ratio varying from 1:2-1:5, the joints being finished flush from the laying trowel.

The popularity of the material can be traced to the revival of brick-making in eastern England in the late 13th and early 14th centuries.

This was a direct result of lack of local stone, an increasing shortage of good timber, and the influence of Europe where brickwork was used extensively.

However after 1730 this was considered too expensive and was reserved for window arches, aprons and other ornamentation only.

This was a period of revivalism in domestic architecture and industrial building.

With the building of Hampton Court Palace, we have not only the seal of royal approval, but a monument to the achievement of brick in this period.

The late 17th and early 18th centuries were a high point in the use of brick.

During this period, a greater number of bricks were made and laid than during all the previous periods.

Brick manufacturing methods had improved in all respects including quality accuracy, regularity and in range of colours available.

By the Tudor period the brick-makers and bricklayers had emerged as separate craftsmen well able to rival the masons.

Tags: , ,