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The Book of Haggai includes a prediction that the glory of the second temple would be greater than that of the first (Haggai 2:9).

There he rebuilds the walls, despite the opposition of Israel's enemies, and reforms the community in conformity with the law of Moses.

After 12 years in Jerusalem, he returns to Susa but subsequently revisits Jerusalem.

Judea became at that moment part of the Seleucid empire of Syria.

When the Second Temple in Jerusalem was looted and its religious services stopped, Judaism was effectively outlawed.

On his death, the "false Smerdis", an impostor, occupied the throne for some seven or eight months, and then Darius became king (522 BCE).

In the second year of his rule the work of rebuilding the temple was resumed and carried forward to its completion (Ezra 5:6–), under the stimulus of the earnest counsels and admonitions of the prophets Haggai and Zechariah.The original core of the book of Nehemiah, the first-person memoir, may have been combined with the core of the Book of Ezra around 400 BCE.Further editing probably continued into the Hellenistic era.Following the Maccabean Revolt against the Seleucid empire, the Second Temple was rededicated and became the religious pillar of the Jewish Hasmonean kingdom, as well as culturally associated with the Jewish holiday of Hanukkah.There is some evidence from archaeology that further changes to the structure of the Temple and its surroundings were made during the Hasmonean rule.‎, Beit Ha Mikdash Ha Sheni) was the Jewish Holy Temple which stood on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem during the Second Temple period, between 516 BCE and 70 CE.

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